The Nuclear Education Trust (NET) was incorporated as a company limited by guarantee on 8 August 2005 (5530662) and was registered as a charity on 14 March 2007 (1118373). Its governing document is its memorandum and articles of association and it is also governed by charity law. It is an independent organisation with a clearly defined educational remit and is not a campaigning organisation.

NET relies on donations, gifts in wills and grants from charitable foundations to fund its activities, which are detailed in the annual financial reports. The Board of Trustees is responsible for overall strategic management of the charity. It is supported by two sub groups, one for education and one for research, that recommend and monitor grant activities and research commissions. NET operates by providing grants or commissioning work for projects that meet its charitable objective.

To date significant grants have been to the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament mainly for its acclaimed Peace Education work but other organisations such as the British American Security Information Council (BASIC), the London School of Economics, the Department of Peace Studies, Bradford University and the Acronym Institute for Disarmament Diplomacy, as well as individuals, have also received grants from NET.

In 2012 it commissioned Connect Communications to examine the implications for Barrow in Furness posed by the different proposals in the Government’s Trident Alternatives Review and following on from this work, Connect Communications was commissioned to examine the UK’s defence needs with reference to its international disarmament responsibilities. More recently NET has worked with the Nuclear Information Service on ground breaking research into military attitudes to nuclear disarmament and with Ian Davis of the Stockholm Institute of Strategic Studies on the extent to which NATO policy on nuclear weapons influences UK policy and vice versa. Earlier in 2017, long standing work on attitudes to nuclear disarmament within the Labour Party was published and future research is set to investigate defence diversification in the nuclear sector.